Childhood sexual abuse has often been considered an important factor in adolescent sexual offending. It is important to remember that although these numbers may be staggering there is no causal relationship between having been sexually abused and having committed a sexual offence.
From the research noted above, one could conclude that approximately 1 in 4 male victims of sexual abuse might commit a sexual offence in their lifetime. Such things as sexual and physical abuse, emotional abuse, abandonment, neglect, exposure to a sexualized environment, family violence, conflict, poor communication patterns, rejection and parental drug abuse are often present in the histories of many adolescent offenders. Living in a chaotic family environment, feeling bad about oneself, and not knowing how to relate to others within the family are also common.
Although there is some level of family dysfunction in every home, it appears to be more apparent in homes where sexual abuse has occurred. It is for this reason that parents and families need to come together to support one another and the offender. Family patterns should be re-organized so that verbally, physically and emotionally abusive parenting and communication patterns can be reduced or diminished.
However, sex offender treatment should not focus exclusively on issues of family dysfunction, as individual sex offender treatment is equally important. Of all the characteristics of adolescent sexual offenders, the most widely supported generalization is that this population of youth tends to experience:. These feelings of low self-worth and inadequacy can be extremely difficult and lonely emotions.
It is hypothesized by a number of researchers that these offenders may commit these sexual offences as a way of trying to restore their sense of self. In some incestuous cases where the youth is experiencing parental rejection, low self-esteem, etc. Unfortunately, in some cases this relationship can have a negative outcome, as it may become sexual. In other cases it has been noted that sex-offending youth lack assertiveness and other social skills that might cause them to fear rejection and isolation from their peer group.
It is apparent that many adolescent offenders, particularly those who offend against young children, tend to operate outside the social mainstream.
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Clearly, there is evidence to support the concept that attachment problems, loneliness, poor social interaction, etc. It is also clearly evident that there is the need for adequate treatment programmes that can assist offenders in developing the social skills and peer interactions they require to prevent further sexual offences. For the most part, the research in this area indicates that most adolescent sex offenders have some problems in school. However, school performance appears to be no more problematic than any other sample of young offender who had never committed a sexual offence.
Generally, there is little evidence to implicate poor intellectual functioning or scholastic performance as a specific causal factor in sexual offences. Pornography can lower barriers to offending by "adding fuel to the fire.dwidwithstranne.tk
SEXUAL OFFENDER TREATMENT: Janssen
This can become even more problematic if the offender then reinforces these images through masturbation. Furthermore, some studies suggest that adolescent sexual offenders who have a history of viewing X-rated videos while masturbating have significantly more victims than those who have no access to X-rated material. Despite the fact that alcohol and drugs have disinhibiting effects, there is very little evidence to suggest that substance abuse plays a prominent role in sexual offending against children.
There are a number of other factors that could be included in this section sociological factors, peer influences, etc. However, in terms of parenting and understanding the adolescent sex offender within your home, the above influences are likely the most significant. Most of us have very little information about the normal sexual behaviours that we might expect from our children and youth.
Children do normally engage in some sexual behaviour s with other children, and in fact do have sexual feelings. Children who experience sexual feelings will on occasion act on those feelings.
However, a commonly held misconception regarding "normal" sexual development is that sexually offending behaviours are only attempts to learn about sex. Many parents who are struggling to accept that their youth has committed a sexual offence will often look for explanations for the behaviour. Many will believe that the youth charged with a sexual offence was simply involved in innocent sex play, experimentation, or was involved in a "normal" process of sexual maturation.
Youth who use verbal coercion, threats, intimidation or force during sexual behaviours are not engaging in normal sexual behaviour. If these behaviours are left unchecked and untreated they may develop into a well-established repertoire of sexually deviant behaviours.
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As you may know there are a number of commonly held misconceptions and "myths" regarding adolescent sexual behaviour. Some of the common myths are listed below:. Myth: A youth who commits a sexual offence has to have been sexually abused themselves in the past. Fact: As you have read earlier in the handbook, one does not have to have been sexually abused to commit a sexual offence. There are a number of factors that are usually at play on the pathway to sexual offending. Although having been sexually abused puts one at higher risk for committing a sexual offence, it does not mean that everyone who has been sexually abused will commit a sexual offence.
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- Managing Adult Sex Offenders in the Community!
Regardless of how your teen learned these behaviours, acting out sexually or aggressively is an inappropriate way for youth to get their personal needs met. Myth: The sexually offending behaviour will go away with maturity, or the youth will simply grow out of it.
Fact: As reported earlier in the handbook, evidence from adult sexual offenders contradicts this belief. While some very young children may "self-correct" this behaviour, others simply stopped the behaviour for a while, only to resume the offending behaviour during adolescence when they felt greater sexual interest and arousal. The evidence suggests that there is no "cure" for sexual offending behaviour.
Managing Adult Sex Offenders in the Community
This underscores the importance of treatment and long-term maintenance through relapse prevention. Fact: Offenders are often known to their victims as trusted people, such as family members, babysitters or neighbours. Myth: If a youth is arrested and dealt with by the courts as a "sex offender", the label itself may predispose the youth to re-offend. Fact: Some parents will believe that labeling their teen as a sex offender will cause lifelong problems. Some parents hold the position that the sex offender label is far more damaging to the youth and outweighs the risk that the youth will re-offend.
In reality, an adolescent sexual offender who persists with this behaviour can be expected to create over victims during his lifetime. Unless the offender is appropriately identified he will not receive the necessary treatment and will likely continue to re-offend. There is no particular evidence to suggest that a youth continued to offend only because of the burden of having been identified as a sexual offender.
Fact: One of the most difficult realities for sexual offenders and their families to admit is that there was a level of planning that occurred prior to the offence. The fact is, most sexual offences are planned. Most adolescent offenders do not lash out at their victims and offend. They tend to behave in a "rational" manner and sexually offend when an opportunity presents itself.
Most offenders will perceive this as meaning the offence was "spur of the moment". However, the majority of offenders will admit that there was previous fantasizing and deviant thought patterns prior to the offence taking place. Offenders need to examine their history in order to find the pattern that exists within their offending. Myth: The first sexual offence for which the youth is apprehended is generally his first offence.
Fact: Adolescent offenders usually have committed a number of offences against either the same victim or multiple victims. The earlier offences may have merely gone undetected or mislabeled as experimentation.
Myth: "My child would never force another child to do anything like that. Fact: Force or coercion takes many forms. Force can also include verbal pressure, repeated harassment or threatening gestures. Your teen may have used bribes or "tricks" or "games" to pressure a child into having sex. Fact: While your teen may conform to your expectations they will still experience uniquely individual thoughts and feelings. Should your teen continue to harbour thoughts and feelings about sexually offending against others, this behaviour is likely to re-occur.
These youth need help that goes beyond any parental discipline. They need to be able to talk about their sexual thoughts and feelings, and this can be difficult for many youth to do with their parents. In addition to the numerous myths that exist regarding adolescent sexual offending, there are also some common questions that are frequently asked by parents.
The following are a list of some of those questions:. Is it really necessary to seek outside help? The therapists and probation officers working with your teen are specially trained to work with adolescent sexual offenders. Families can benefit from having an avenue to address their anger, frustration, and hurt in a positive and constructive manner.